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Most Common Types of Welding Services

The techniques are mainly differentiated by the equipment and gases used, as well as by the characteristics of the resulting bonds. Three of the most common options are:

  • Tungsten Inert Gas (TIG), also known as Gas Tungsten Arc Welding (GTAW)
  • Metal Inert Gas (MIG), also known as Gas Metal Arc Welding (GMAW)
  • Shielded Metal Arc Welding (SMAW), also known as Stick Welding

TIG Welding. Extremely versatile but requires a high degree of technical competence. The welder must simultaneously feed a rod while also operating a TIG torch. The electrode on this torch heats the base metal to form precise weld beads that hold the two pieces together.

This is one of the most popular techniques today, allowing for clean, precise welds with high degrees of purity. It also creates an aesthetically pleasing finish thanks to the beads, and it is useful for many industries and applications due to the range of suitable materials—which includes a wide range of conventional metals and alloys like stainless steel.

MIG Welding. A comparatively simple technique that is nonetheless valued for its ability to create extremely strong bonds with minimal waste. The technique involves feeding an electrode through a welding gun to form an electric arc between the base material and the electrode. This arc is what heats the material sufficiently to melt and join two pieces.

This method is popular in the automotive and maritime industries because of the strength of its bonds. It is also useful for joining thinner materials, especially when using bare wire rather than a flux core.

SMAW. One of the more traditional techniques, although it still retains benefits for many modern applications. It is a lower-cost, portable alternative to the other methods, and it can be used for trickier repairs and installations—such as rusted metals—that would prevent a MIG or TIG approach.

Like MIG, it uses a consumable electrode that is melted by an electric arc. Unlike MIG or TIG, however, SMAW does not require the use of a shielding gas, which is otherwise used to protect the weld puddle as it forms. SMAW does create a byproduct layer of slag that must be removed, which presents an additional step when compared to other techniques. Otherwise, it is a relatively simple process that holds its weight with heavy industrial jobs.

Industry Leading Metal Welders

Because our services are so ubiquitous, we have experience working with a wide variety of industries. Some of our most frequently served sectors include:

  • Institutional equipment
  • Construction
  • Manufacturing
  • Aerospace
  • Robotics
  • Agriculture

Custom Welding Projects

The success of any project depends heavily on the ability and knowledge of the welder. No matter how complex your needs, our skilled team of fabricators will work with you to identify and apply the techniques that best suit your materials, budget, and timeline.

Contact us to learn more about the advantages of collaborating with an industry-leading shop on your next metalwork project.